What You Need To Know
Konya is a major city in the Central Anatolia Region of Turkey. It is the seventh most populous city in Turkey. Konya is an economically and industrially developed city and the capital of Konya Province. Konya was historically the capital of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum (Anatolia) and the Karamanids.
Konya, was known in classical antiquity and during the medieval period as Ἰκόνιον (Ikónion) in Greek (with regular Medieval Greek apheresis Kónio(n)) and as Iconium in Latin. This name is commonly explained as a derivation from εἰκών (icon), as an ancient Greek legend ascribed its name to the “eikon” (image), or the “gorgon’s (Medusa’s) head”, with which Perseus vanquished the native population before founding the city. In some historic English texts, the city’s name appears as Konia or Koniah.
The city lies on a totally flat ground, with the sole exception of a small hill called Alaattin Tepesi in the very centre of the city—which is actually a man-made hill, erected during the Seljuk period so noble residents could easily watch the city below from their palace. Almost nothing remained of the palace and the hill now serves as the central park, which is a quite pleasant and shady one.
Population: 1.221 million (2014)
Area: 15,009 mi²
The Turkish currency is the Turkish Lira. Banknotes are in denominations of TL1 (rare), 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 liras. The lira is divided into 100 Kuruş (koo-ROOSH), with coins in denominations of Kr 1 (rare), 5, 10, 25 and 50 (Kuruş).
Konya has a cold semi-arid climate (BSk) under the Köppen classificatio and a hot summer continental (Dca) or hot summer oceanic (Doa) climate under the Trewartha classification. Summers temperatures average 30 °C (86 °F). The highest temperature recorded in Konya was 40.6 °C (105 °F) on 30 July 2000. Winters average −4.2 °C (24 °F). The lowest temperature recorded was −26.5 °C (−16 °F) on 6 February 1972. Due to Konya’s high altitude and its dry summers, nightly temperatures in the summer months are cool. Precipitation levels are low, but precipitation can be observed throughout the year.
Turkish language. Turkish belongs to the Altay branch of the Ural-Altaic linguistic family, same as Finnish and Hungarian. It is the westernmost of the Turkic languages spoken across Central Asia and is generally classified as a member of the South-West group, also known as the Oguz group.
The city ranks among the Anatolian Tigers. There are a number of industrial parks. In 2012 Konya’s exports reached 130 countries. A number of Turkish industrial conglomerates, such as Kombassan Holding, have their headquarters in Konya. While agriculture-based industries play a role, the city’s economy has evolved into a center for the manufacturing of components for the automotive industry; machinery manufacturing; agricultural tools; casting industry; plastic paint and chemical industry; construction materials; paper and packing industry; processed foods; textiles; and leather industry.
The first local administration in Konya was founded in 1830. This administration was converted into a municipality in 1876. In March 1989, the municipality became a Metropolitan Municipality. As of that date, Konya had three central district municipalities (Meram, Selçuklu, Karatay) and a Metropolitan Municipality.
In the city of Konya you can travel with the dolmuş minibuses, public urban buses (belediye otobüsü), tram or taxi. Most sites of interest, though, with the notable exception of the suburb of Meram, are clustered in the city centre and are within walking distance of each other. Via tram, though, from Alaadin (the heart of the old city), you can ride all the way to Selçuk University on the outskirts or the city and pass a few sites of interest (Japon Parki being one of them). The tram network tramvay has close to 25 stops. From Alaadin to the end of the line at Selçuk University, it takes about an hour.